This is the vision for Copenhagen’s first Climate Resilient Neighbourhood. Blue- Green is the future for establishing urban ecological waterscapes while balancing sound investment and economic opportunities with social benefit improvements. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. CLOUDBURST MANAGEMENT PLAN OF COPENHAGEN Cloudburst is defined as a heavy rainfall with more than 15 mm of rain falling in 30 minutes (Website 2, dingeo). The Plan is based on the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan and on detailed flood mapping and risk analyses. The 2011 event had been preceded by a 100-year storm in August 2010 and was hit again in 2014. Copenhagen realized that Cloudbursts were not a one-off occurrence; the threat compounds as harbor sea levels are predicted to rise one meter by 2110. PUBLIC-PRIVATE ENGAGEMENT – LASTING BENEFITS: The lake overflows into a 2.5m diameter tunnel to the harbor as a reduced sized pipe. A common vision aligned engineers, hydraulic experts, GIS and information technologists, architects, planners, biologists, economists, communication specialists, and landscape architects with local citizens, investors and politicians. The listed park has been transformed into a climate project with a 22.600 m3 water reservoir. Hydraulic function was presented in an engaging, educational sequence that involved the public interest with private development goals. Yet water has no boundary. The Cloudburst Management Plan developed by the City of Copenhagen was coordinated with Køben-havns Energi (Copenhagen Energy), the City of Frederiksberg, and Frederiksberg Forsyning (Frederiksberg utility company), since all rainwater falling in Frederiksberg during an extreme rainfall event leads to either a sewage treatment plant or into the sea via the City of Copenhagen. The University of Copenhagen offers a wide range of Master's degree programmes (MA/MSc) taught in English. Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan. The Ladegads-Aen catchment was selected as a prototypical test area due to its high risk to flooding and sea surges. Cloudburst solutions are often left out of upstream area planning where residents see no flooding problems. Additional qualitative social benefits, such as health, environmental, and urban spatial quality improvements resulting from the enhancements would potentially push this number even higher. Copenhagen City Council signed off on its master plan for cloudburst management in November to be gradually implemented over the next 20 years. In 2011 the City of Copenhagen adopted the Copenhagen Climate Adaptation Plan xxvii, complemented by the Cloudburst Management Plan xxviii (2012) detailing the methods, priorities, and measures related to adaptation to extreme rainfall events. Acting with visionary foresight, the municipality of Copenhagen has decided upon a comprehensive Cloudburst Management Plan for the entire city, including 300 cloudburst adaptation projects in the next 10 to 20 years. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. The plan puts Copenhagen on track to becoming the world’s first car-bon-neutral city by 2025, and since launching its first Climate Plan in 2009, the city has already achieved significant reductions in … Results. Splitting the bill between water utilities and the city budget made financing Copenhagen’s cloudburst plan possible. Cloudburst solutions are now implemented in local plans where synergy projects are encouraged between municipalities, water utilities, and philanthropists as catalysts for development. Adapting to climate change does not come cheap. The option with the highest percentage of Blue-Green solutions and also the least additional infrastructural pipe improvements created a potential savings 50% greater than Conventional solutions alone. Over the next 30 years, Copenhagen will implement an ambitious cloudburst masterplan and a number of concretisation plans to protect the entire city against the damages of heavy rain. Climate adaptation Denmark cloudburst plan Copenhagen livable cities project The Rainflower is a sustainable multifunctional rainwater collector. The majority of relevant information is available at the city homepage for free, and the Technical and Environmental Administration also offers assistance, for example at environmental offices located in local communities in the city. The Copenhagen Climate Adaptation plan was adopted in 2011 in response to the extreme, water-related consequences of climate change to which the city is exposed. The “Cloudburst Management Plan” addresses 8 central city catchments (Norrebro, Ladegards-aen and Vesterbro, Valby & Vanlose), encompassing a total area of 34 km². See the full list of programmes below – or find relevant programmes according to your areas of interest. The City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by Cowi have developed a general and citywide cloudburst masterplan that divides Copenhagen and Frederiksberg into catchments to found the basis for the specific master planning and project identification. Cost of Doing Nothing: An analysis undertaken by the city and consultants calculated that the effect of climate change was so large, that the cost of doing nothing would amount to approximately €55-80 million a year from now to 2110. General Cloudburst Master Planning Initiatives: General cloudburst masterplan with catchments of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg (basis for the specific  master planning and project identification): Approach, Vision and concepts of 3 masterplans covering more than half of 300+ projects in Copenhagen and Frederiksberg: Dieter Grau, Hendrik Porst, Stefan Brückmann, Jessica Read, C40 Cities Award 2016 category: Adaptation in Action, 2016 American Society of Landscape Architects Award of Excellence. A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. The solutions are based on real situations, aligned to preexisting underground infrastructure. The Copenhagen Formula adapts interdisciplinary approaches, moving away from isolated thinking. The City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by Cowi have developed a general and citywide cloudburst masterplan that divides Copenhagen and Frederiksberg into catchments to found the basis for the specific master planning and project identification. The strategic flood masterplan is the opportunity to safeguard Copenhagen while providing the foundations for a high-quality city environment. tions are to be applied in Copenhagen in the coming years. Modeling and Mapping: Municipalities divided their regions into stormwater catchments, undertaking large-scale hydrological models (including GIS, surface water, sewage, landscape character, risk assesments) to map vulnerable areas. In July 2011, in less than two hours, Copenhagen was hit by an extreme 1000-year storm event – or Cloudburst – where 150mm of rain left large areas of the city under up to one meter of water. Involvement and Iteration: Cloudbursts would influence each area of Copenhagen; an overall strategy for a public participation program was established to gauge the requirements of the citizens who would be affected. The park is one of 300 cloudburst projects that the City of Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utility (HOFOR) plan to finish in the next 20 years to protect Copenhagen against future flooding. In 2011 ,Copenhagen experienced the worst and most destructive cloudburst in the city’s history. The Cloudburst Management Plan will form the basis for the implementation of mitigation efforts in the city and will also form part of general City Administration planning. The implementable, pragmatic tools mitigate extreme storm events and improve our cityscapes. The City of Copenhagen developed a Cloudburst Management Plan in 2012, to combat the impacts of cloud bursts. Private developers and homeowners alike become champions for local solutions where a multi-disciplinary, cross-agency collaboration engaged designers, planners, sociologists, economists, biologists, geographers, information specialists, and communication experts interacting with public utility companies, stakeholders, interest groups, local politicians, and investors. These integrated, multi-disciplinary plans bridge the gap between planning and site-specific solutions through the application of a typology-based Cloudburst Toolkit. The 2011 event had been preceded by a 100-year storm in August 2010 and was hit again in 2014. The city administration has furthermore included HOFOR, the regional water company, and inv… Saved by Landezine. René Sommer Lindsay, the city official in charge of St. Kjeld’s transformation. One of the largest, in 2011, caused damage totalling about DKK 6bn. Contemporary Landscape Urban Landscape Landscape Design Sponge City Masterplan Urban Design Diagram Urban Intervention Water Management Green Street. This new generation of blue-green infrastructures addresses essential city services such as mobility, recreation, safety and biodiversity, creating a strategic and feasible approach to ensure long-term resilience and economic buoyancy. Blue-Green is the future for establishing urban ecological waterscapes while balancing sound investment and economic opportunities with social benefit improvements. A recent interactive workshop led by the Engineer and Landscape Architect in a suburb of Copenhagen engaged residents through a series of interactive sessions designed to raise awareness and survey desired citizen interests. We said, ‘Instead of doing pinpoint projects, let’s develop a rainwater master plan.’ - Rainwater is only a problem if it goes where you don’t want it to go.” That gave city planners the option of Concerning the climate adaptation plans in regard to the Three Points Approach (3PA), Copenhagen has determined the required framework for adaptation of the inner parts of the city with regard to extreme rainfalls (Cloudburst Management Plan in Copenhagen) while Ramboll is a leading engineering, architecture and consultancy company founded in Denmark in 1945. Jun 2, 2015 - A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. important plans, such as the Climate Action Plan, the Bicycle Strategy and the Strategy for Urban Life. Luke Strickland and Stuart Divall of Ramboll UK review some of the flood mitigation measures implemented in the Danish capital since its cataclysmic flood in July 2011. Conventional infrastructure is considered to be generally technical, underground, hidden elements while Blue-Green solutions are low-tech, on the surface, and interactive. at The conclusion - traditional piped solutions alone were not enough. The process was formalized as the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula, a six-step procedure for integrating the Blue-Green Approach: Demonstrating the relevance of the Cloudburst Toolkit palette of retrofit techniques on the first selected Hot Spot of the 10 km2 catchment of Lådegåds-Åen (a priority catchment set in the center of Copenhagen and at a high risk to flooding) investment opportunities in the form of Blue-Green techniques were created on the surface where they are visible, interactive urban components. Copenhagen is on the front line of climate change, experiencing increasingly heavy rain events, as they are also on the leading edge of urban innovation with a vision of transforming their city into a sustainable, C02 neutral city by 2025. The result - public water utility companies began financing solutions that integrated Cloudburst events. Extreme weather events cannot be managed by conventional pipe systems and their occurrence becomes more difficult to predict. In contrast, the Blue-Green Masterplan Option lowered the lake level from +5.8m to +2.8m, creating a new Cloudburst storage volume of 40,000m3 and a revitalized lakeside connection which had previously been only partially accessible. It includes 300 separate projects that are expected to run over the course of the next 20 years. Saved by Landezine. In July 2011, in less than two hours, Copenhagen was hit by an extreme 1000-year storm event – or Cloudburst – where 150mm of rain left large areas of the city under up to one meter of water. 29.05.2015 - A map of the best contemporary landscape architecture projects from around the world. Municipal borders must be lowered to develop a common vision across disparate districts. The Conventional Masterplan Option retained Sankt Jørgens Lake as it exists; there is cultural value in keeping the historical layout yet the lake currently lies above the surrounding street level and floods during rain events, requiring the creation of a new 5m diameter pipe to funnel flood water to the harbor. Copenhagen realized that Cloudbursts were not a one-off occurrence; the threat compounds as Comprehensive site analysis led to establishing the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula and a Cloudburst Toolkit of urban mitigation strategies and components. Download the NYC Cloudburst Resiliency Study; Download the City of Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan 2012; As a result of the cloudburst study, we’re now testing the implementation of cloudburst infrastructure at the NYC Housing Authority’s South Jamaica Houses. Copenhagen is taking on the issue of climate change. Cities around the world can look to the Copenhagen Cloudburst Formula as a model for implementing innovative, pragmatic, feasible measures within existing urban fabric. Copenhagen_Cloudburst-Masterplan-Atelier-Dreiseitl-10 « Landscape Architecture Platform. Involvement and Iteration: Cloudbursts would influence each area of Copenhagen; an overall strategy for a public participation program was established to gauge the requirements of the citizens who would be affected. The Copenhagen 1948 Finger Plan | Urban design graphics, Urban design concept, Urban spaces design Improve connectivity and functionality of green and blue infrastructures, Increase quality and quantity of green and blue infrastructures, Increase awareness of NBS solution & their effectiveness and co benefits, Increase population & infrastructures protected by NBS, Nature-based solutions and the insurance value of ecosystems, Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell, City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI, Palle Dannemand Sørensen, Jan Rasmussen and Lykke Leonardsen, Margit Lund Christensen, Nis Fink and Jes Clauson-Kaas, Camilla Julie Hvid, Jesper Rasmussen, Christian Nyerup Nielsen, City of Copenhagen, Copenhagen Climate Projects - Annual Report 2014, Copenhagen, 2015, City of Copenhagen, Green Roof in Copenhagen, 2012, State of Green, Copenhagen – Solutions for sustainable cities, Copenhagen, 2014. The Blue-Green Approach develops a synergistic relationship between the two, integrating climate adaptation solutions within the limited confines of urban space, encouraging a solution utilizing the best of both techniques. General Cloudburst Master Planning Initiatives: Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell; General cloudburst masterplan with catchments of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg (basis for the specific master planning and project identification): City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI plan will be fully implemented throughout the city by around 2033. by the middle of this century, copenhagen will have smaller streets surrounded by plenty of trees and shrubs designed to absorb runoff and regulate water flow, while channeling excess water from storms into cloudburst boulevards. Traditional drainage solutions such as underground reservoirs are becoming less viable as utilities occupy more underground space. Blue-Green Infrastructure represents the next generation of water infrastructure considerations where nature, city and recreational space are rolled into a holistic package. The Copenhagen Formula provides a structure for integrating built, existing context with retrofit Blue-Green solutions. Supported by the European Commission under the Environment (including climate change) Theme of the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technical Development. The Danish capital’s cloudburst mitigation plans are focused on solving increased heavy rain challenges, climate adaptation of the sewerage systems, as well as creating higher living standards in the city that will benefit the residents. Ramboll employs 16,500 people globally and has especially strong representation in the Nordics, UK, North America, Continental Europe, Middle East and Asia-Pacific. The Copenhagen Cloudburst Management Plan 2012 is a blue-green stormwater management infrastructure, where rainwater is led to open spaces and other buffer areas during rain events until the drainage system has recovered its capacities and can take in that extra water. The Adaptation and Cloudburst Plans and accompanying measures aim to establish the co-sharing of adaptation between the City of Copenhagen, citizens and other private actors. 16. For 4 of the initial specific catchments Ramboll and Studio Dreiseitl - in cooperation with the City of Copenhagen, Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR), Frederiksberg Municipality and Frederiksberg Utilities - proposed a vision and concepts that became boiled down into 3 masterplans covering more than half of the more than 300 projects in the two cities; Copenhagen and Frederiksberg. Kjeld’s, City of Copenhagen, Climate Change Adaptation Plan, American Society of Landscape Architects 2016 Award. “The cloudburst was really a wakeup call. The solution combines the Blue-Green with the Grey (conventional) piped solution to result in a harmony between infrastructure and green space. In a city where many buildings and services are located below street level and where stormwater and sewage are in a combined pipe system, contaminated floodwater penetrated buildings and city infrastructure. The insurance damage savings and the increase in real estate value are two of the highest socio-economic benefits from Cloudburst adaptation. The Copenhagen Concretization Plans were commissioned to combat climate change following 2011’s flood. Two masterplan variations were developed to assess potential advantages and disadvantages – Option 1 Conventional and Option 2 Blue-Green. The “Cloudburst Toolkit” was developed as a palette of universally applicable, multi-functional, flexible elements. These plans are based on an un-paralleled city-wide use of integrated planning and implementation of blue-green infrastructure, that have inspired planners on an international basis. The plan was designed in collaboration with the consultancy COWI, and in 2013 it won the international acclaimed design award, Index:Award (INternational DEsign eXhibition). The “Cloudburst Toolkit” was developed as a palette of universally applicable, multi-functional, flexible elements. Copenhagen’s First Climate resilient neighbourhood Green streets, green urban squares, and cloudburst streets that diverts rainwater away from the neighbourhood, these are ways in which we can avoid water damages when extreme rainfall events or cloudbursts occur. The cloudburst on 2 July 2011 was a wake-up call for the Danish capital; it caused over $1 billion in damage and affected 400 million Danes. Copenhagen has found a way to co-finance its flood protection plan, provide for new civic amenities, dig up fewer streets and save money, all thanks to one tweak of the law. Copenhagen’s adaptation plan finds that the risk of serious damage to the city from rising seas will begin to change significantly in about 30 years. The plan was prepared under the administration of Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell. General Cloudburst Master Planning Initiatives: Administered by Mayor for technical and environmental affairs, Morten Kabell General cloudburst masterplan with catchments of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg (basis for the specific master planning and project identification) City Copenhagen and Greater Copenhagen Utilities (HOFOR) assisted by COWI Municipal borders must be lowered to develop a common vision across disparate.... 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